- Published on Monday, 01 October 2012 20:19
Welcome to the website of the Czech Society of Biomechanics. The Czech Society of Biomechanics is a successor to the Czechoslovak Society of Biomechanics, which was established by the general assembly on 19 February, 1992. The Society was established with participation of these important Czechoslovak scientists: prof. Ing. Jaroslav Valenta, DrSc. (FME CTU), prof. PhDr. Vladimír Karas, DrSc. (Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University), Ing. Vratislav Kafka, DrSc. (ITAM AS CR), MUDr. Otomar Kittnar, CSc. (First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University), Ing. Svatava Konvičková, CSc., Ing. Václav Květ, CSc., and doc. Ing. Ladislav Šubrt, CSc. (all of them FME CTU). The first Chairman of the Society was Professor Vladimír Karas. The branch offices of the Society were opened in Prague, Pilsen, Brno and Bratislava. Their heads were doc. Ing. Miroslav Petrtýl, DrSc., Ing. František Musil, CSc., doc. Ing. Přemysl Janíček, DrSc., and doc. MUDr. Mirko Mego, CSc. (listed in the order of their respective branch offices). Since its establishment, CSB has organized more than 10 annual conferences “Biomechanics of Man” (organized biennially together with Czech biomechanics workplaces; the conference is visited by international participants), and dozens professional seminars. At present, the Society has approximately 150 members.
What Is Biomechanics?
Biomechanics examines the response of biological materials (tissues) to strength and temperature loading (biothermodynamics) and therefore facilitates the human efforts in, for example, development of prostheses for joints, teeth, bone implants, blood vessels, valves, cartilage, etc. Besides these materially defined objects, the subject of research is also the function of whole systems; e.g. examination of the musculoskeletal system in order to improve the physiotherapeutic procedures, training methods for athletes, or research into the unique characteristics of human movement for criminology use. The unusual progress in the area of engineering and applied biology (tissue engineering) has led to the fact that at present, we are doing research into mechanotransduction processes, i.e. the mechanical response and adaptation at the cell level (mechanobiology). The ability of the living tissue to adapt to changed conditions calls not only for research into the immediate mechanical response, but also research into the time period of the life cycle (lifespan, reliability).
The Czech Society of Biomechanics, therefore, unites professionals (and institutions) from mechanical and civil engineering, electrotechnology, physics, chemistry, physiology, and specialized medical workplaces.